The earlier cancer is found, the easier it can be treated. That's why preventive screenings are so important – especially for diseases like colorectal, breast and cervical cancer, where data show that screening and early detection are very effective for successfully treating disease.
Rutland Regional Medical Center provides a full range of cancer screenings, including those for:
Colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood test are the three primary screening tools for colorectal cancer. The tests help doctors find polyps in the colon and rectum that can be removed before they become cancerous. Experts recommend adults have these screenings starting at age 50 or earlier for those with high risk factors like a family history of the disease.
Colorectal cancer caught in its earliest stages has a more than 75 percent survival rate. The survival rate for those with advanced disease is a mere 6 percent.
- A Fecal Occult Blood Test is used to find hidden blood in feces. Patients receive a test kit and instructions on how to take a stool or feces sample at home. The kit is then returned to the hospital for testing.
- A Colonoscopy or Sigmoidoscopy can be performed in the Rutland Regional Medical Center Endoscopy Center. During a sigmoidoscopy, a slender, hollow, lighted tube, or sigmoidoscope, is connected to a video camera and inserted into the colon through the rectum. Considered the gold standard for finding colorectal cancer, a Colonoscopy is similar to a sigmoidoscope except the tube is longer, which allows the doctor to see the entire colon and perform a more thorough exam. Patients are given a sedative to make them relaxed and sleepy during the screening, which takes 15-30 minutes.
A high-quality mammography is one of the most effective ways of detecting breast cancer, the second-leading cause of cancer death among women. When caught early, as many as 96 percent of breast cancers can be successfully treated.
Rutland Regional’s Softer Mammogram uses X-rays to detect signs of breast cancer and is a tool that's as comprehensive as it is comfortable. A screening mammogram is recommended annually for all women over 40. Conducted in the hospital's Radiology Department, results are read and interpreted by a board-certified radiologist within 24 hours.
An abnormality found during a physical exam or screening mammogram is generally evaluated with a more detailed:
- Diagnostic Mammogram conducted by a board-certified radiologist that looks at the breast from additional, multiple angles.
- Breast Ultrasound that uses sound waves to look at the breast's internal structures and blood flow, as well differentiates solid tumors from fluid-filled cysts.
- Breast MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), which uses a magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to produce detailed images of the breast, its soft tissues, nearby bone and other body structures.
Learn more about our Breast Care Program >>
An annual Pap Test, performed during a routine gynecological exam can help detect the presence of the human papillomavirus (HPV) – the greatest risk factor for a woman developing cervical cancer, the leading cause of cancer death in women in the United States.
Rutland Women’s Healthcare, a part of Rutland Regional Medical Center, provides Pap tests as part of its complete range of comprehensive obstetrical and gynecological services. Offices are located in Rutland and in Manchester. For more information or to schedule an appointment, call 802.775.1901.
Regular prostate cancer exams and screenings can help physicians and patients identify and monitor prostate cancer. The American Cancer Society recommends that men aged 50 or older be offered a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a PSA blood test yearly. Men at high-risk, including African-American men, and men with a first-degree relative (father, brother or son) diagnosed with prostate cancer earlier than age 65, should begin screenings at age 45.
The Prostate Clinic at Rutland Regional offers the following screening services:
- PSA Blood Test. This test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen found in the blood. A rise in the PSA may indicate the presence of prostate cancer or another condition.
- Digital Rectal Exam. With this test, the physician can feel the prostate gland and any hard lumps or thickenings within it. If irregularities are found during these exams, a biopsy, ultrasound exam and other tests may be ordered to confirm a diagnosis.