Routine, pre-natal medical tests help ensure an appropriate individualized plan of care to promote the health of mom and baby. Some tests, like blood pressure and hemoglobin, are done at regular intervals throughout the pregnancy, while others are given just once or twice at specific stages of the baby’s development. Common tests include:
First Trimester (1 to 12 weeks)
- Pap Test to Screen for Precancerous Abnormalities and Sexually Transmitted Infections like HPV, Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
- Blood Tests to Check for Blood Type, HIV, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Immunity to Rubella (German Measles), Syphilis and Anemia,
- Laboratory Tests to Screen for Cystic Fibrosis, Sickle Cell Anemia and Other Conditions
- Urine Test to Measure Sugar and Protein Levels
- Ultrasound to Determine the Baby’s Due Date
Second Trimester (13 to 28 weeks)
- Blood Tests called a “quad screen,” provide information about a woman’s risk of having a baby with certain genetic or birth defects, including open neural tube defects (ONTD), Down syndrome or other chromosomal abnormalities. An amniocentesis may be suggested for women with high risk factors for these or other conditions.
- Urine Test to measure sugar and protein levels Ultrasound in the fifth month (around 20 weeks) to assess the baby’s development and placenta’s health.
Third Trimester (29 to 40 weeks)