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Cancer Screening & Diagnosis
at Rutland Regional

Technician performing PET scan

Find cancer in its earliest stages – before symptoms begin – with screenings at Rutland Regional's Foley Cancer Center. Data shows that when cancers such as breast, colorectal, cervical and prostate are detected early, they’re easier to successfully treat. Early lung cancer screenings are also done in conjunction with Rutland Pulmonary Center.

Breast Cancer

High-quality mammography is one of the most effective ways of detecting breast cancer, the second-leading cause of cancer death among women. When caught early, as many as 96 percent of breast cancers can be successfully treated.

You’ll experience our Softer Mammogram, which uses X-rays to detect signs of breast cancer and is as comprehensive as it is comfortable. Results are read and interpreted by a board-certified radiologist within 24 hours.

  • Who should be screened?
    • A screening mammogram is recommended annually for all women over 40.
  • What happens next?

Colorectal Cancer

You and your doctor may choose a colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy or fecal occult blood test, the three primary screening procedures for colorectal cancer. All three tests help your doctor detect polyps in the colon and rectum. When caught in its earliest stages, colorectal cancer has more than a 75 percent survival rate.

  • Who should be screened?
    • Colorectal cancer screenings should start at age 50, or earlier for those at high-risk, including anyone with family history of the disease.
  • What happens next?
    • If your screening reveals a polyp – an abnormal tissue growth – your doctor will remove it and send it to a lab for further evaluation. You and your doctor may decide colorectal surgery is an appropriate route of treatment.

Cervical Cancer

Annual Pap tests, completed during your routine gynecological exam, can help detect abnormal cells that may be cancerous or precancerous. Your doctor may also complete an HPV (human papillomavirus) test at the same time as your Pap test. HPV is one of the greatest risk factors for a women developing cervical cancer, the leading cause of cancer death in women in the United States.

  • Who should be screened?
    • Women should schedule annual gynecological exams and Pap tests between the ages 21 and 65.
  • What happens next?
    • If your Pap test results show abnormal cells, your doctor will help you schedule follow-up testing. Abnormal Pap tests results do not usually mean you have cancer.
    • However, if you’re diagnosed with cervical cancer – or another gynecologic cancer – you will receive advanced care close to home through a partnership with the University of Vermont Medical Center.

Prostate Cancer

Regular prostate cancer exams and screenings can help your doctor identify and monitor prostate cancer. These screenings include a PSA blood test, which measures the amount of a prostate-specific antigen in the blood; or the digital rectal exam, which helps your doctor feel the prostate gland for any lumps or thickenings.

  • Who should be screened?
    • Prostate cancer screenings should begin by age 45, or earlier for men who are high-risk, including those with a first-degree relative (father, brother or son) diagnosed with prostate cancer earlier than age 65.
  • What happens next?
    • If your screening detects an abnormal mass or elevated PSA level, your doctor may recommend a biopsy to remove a small piece of tissue for further examination. If cancer is diagnosed, your doctor will work with you on an individualize treatment plan.

Diagnostic Services

Working collaboratively, Rutland Regional and the Foley Cancer Center provide a full range of advanced diagnostic services, including:

Blood Tests

Some tumors release substances called tumor markers, which can be detected in the blood. However, blood tests by themselves can be inconclusive, and other methods should be used to confirm the diagnosis.


The most common imaging procedure, x-rays take pictures of the inside of the body. Specialists can spot abnormal areas that may indicate the presence of cancer.


A surgeon uses a needle, minimally invasive surgery or traditional open surgery to remove a small piece of tissue from the suspicious area. The tissue sample is then examined at our pathology laboratory for signs of cancer.


A flexible plastic tube with a tiny camera on the end is inserted into body cavities and organs, allowing the physician to view the suspicious area.

CT Scan

A high-tech imaging machine able to combine X-rays taken at different angles to create 3-D, cross-sectional images of bones, blood flow, soft tissue and other body structures. A contrast dye is sometimes used to make structures and organs easier to see.


Radio waves, magnetic fields and a high-resolution computer are used to provide clear, detailed pictures of organs, tissues and blood flow. Like with CT scan, a contrast dye is sometimes injected to make structures easier to see.

Mammogram and Breast MRI

Diagnostic mammograms are performed by an Imaging Technologist and are more in depth than a screening mammogram. More X-rays are taken to view the breast from multiple angles and extra time is spent on suspicious areas.

Breast MRI involves a magnetic field, radio waves and sophisticated computer imaging to produce detailed images of the breast, soft tissues, nearby bone and other body structures. These images help doctors determine the exact size and location of a tumor which is especially helpful in pre-surgical planning.

PET Scan

A unique type of imaging that helps doctors see how organs and tissues inside the body are functioning. Before the scan, patients are injected with a small dose of a radioactive chemical, called a radiotracer, that accumulates in areas with high levels of metabolic activity and can signal the presence of disease.

Breast Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Colorectal Cancer

RUTLAND REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER160 Allen Street, Rutland, VT 05701802.775.7111

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